Never Do That to a Book By Anne Fadiman

The intention of this piece is to compare the two different types of book owners, courtly lovers and carnal lovers. It talks about how they treat their books and the reasoning behind their reading habits. Fadiman defines both of the book owners and gives examples of how they treat their books and what they would…

About Men By Gretel Ehrlich

The intention of this essay is to uncover how the basic stereotypes about cowboys are not entirely true. She goes on to talk about how real cowboys are very nurturing and are not the rough and tough men we see in the movies. Ehrlich uses the appeal to pathos a lot in this piece to…

Influenza 1918 by Jane Brox

Intention: The intention of Brox’s essay is to bring awareness to the tragedy of the influenza epidemic of 1918. In her essay, Brox takes the audience to the small town of Lawrence, Massachusetts where she focuses on the lives of those affected by this devastating disease. Her raw, descriptive details let the audience experience a part…

The Crimson Tide by Atul Gawande

Intention- The intention of The Crimson Tide is to explore and explain to the audience the different reasons behind why a person blushes. Gawande explores the common belief that blushing is merely caused by embarrassment, and he proposes evidence that it is not merely caused by embarrassment, but instead is a sort of reflex humans have…

On Ben Franklin’s Virtues by D.H. Lawrence

Intention: Lawrence’s intention in this essay is to criticize Ben Franklin’s self-improvement essay. He responds to Franklin’s plan for achieving perfection and explains why it will not work. -Lawrence’s tone throughout the essay is sarcastic and disrespectful toward Franklin and his ideas. His dislike for Franklin’s ideas is shown through this tone and when he…

The Wound in the Face by Angela Carter

Intention: Carter’s intention in this essay is to bring attention to the “wounds” that are deeply imbedded in the culture of women’s beauty. She describes makeup trends throughout history, and uses a mouth with red lipstick as a symbol of the wounds inflicted on women, while bringing into question the sense of security of women….

The Corner of the Eye by Lewis Thomas

Intention: The purpose of The Corner of the Eye by Lewis Thomas is to help readers understand the value of observation. He uses three main examples of observation, such as noticing minor things like the stars, or major like computers and artificial intelligence taking over human beings to make them better observers. The title suggests the main point…

Learning to Read and Write by Frederick Douglass

Intention:  The intention of this piece is to tell Douglass’ story of how he came to learn how to read and write.  The piece tells of the troubles and repercussions that reading and writing bestowed on Douglass. Style:  Douglass’ essay has a simplistic style.  His sentences are very direct and to the point; it is…

Into the Electric Millennium by Sven Birkerts

Intention: The essay’s intention is to make readers aware of the significant change that had begun to occur as electronic technologies developed. Birkerts uses rhetorical devices to convey his feelings toward this development, which takes our society into a new, unknown electronic culture. Birkerts wants to inform his audience of the major turning point society has reached in which the culture of…

Beauty: When the Other Dancer is the Self by Alice Walker

Intention: The intention of this essay is to show that we are often our harshest critics when it comes to beauty and we often let that affect our outlook on our lives. The intention of this piece is also to tell of her childhood experience with beauty, and how she came to feel beautiful after…

Mother Tongue by Amy Tan

In the essay Mother Tongue by Amy Tan shows how English does not have only one type, but a variety of ways to be used and understood. It is an invitation to see English as a variety of ideas and expressions of oneself. Amy Tan has ethos on the subject of English and how it…

In the Kitchen by Henry Louis Gates Jr.

The essay In the Kitchen by Henry Louis Gates Jr. explains through stories and images the importance of hairstyle and how hair can be connected to political, racial, and cultural traditions. It goes beyond just looking a certain way and can carry memories, views, and ideas that people connect with in their life during a…