Into the Electric Millennium by Sven Birkerts

Intention: The essay’s intention is to make readers aware of the significant change that had begun to occur as electronic technologies developed. Birkerts uses rhetorical devices to convey his feelings toward this development, which takes our society into a new, unknown electronic culture. Birkerts wants to inform his audience of the major turning point society has reached in which the culture of…

In the Kitchen by Henry Louis Gates Jr.

The essay In the Kitchen by Henry Louis Gates Jr. explains through stories and images the importance of hairstyle and how hair can be connected to political, racial, and cultural traditions. It goes beyond just looking a certain way and can carry memories, views, and ideas that people connect with in their life during a…

On Self-Respect by Joan Didion

The essay On Self-Respect by Joan Didion explores the meaning of self-respect and the key qualities behind it of having honesty, integrity, and discipline to achieve it. Joan Didion explains why self-respect is so important and how it should be viewed in a positive light and not considered being full of oneself in achieving it….

Politics and the English Language

The intention of this essay is to educate others about the “vagueness” of the English language. He persuades his readers to speak and write with more clarity by using examples from English journals and novels. Orwell builds most of his argument by criticizing five different works of literature; he spends the majority of the essay discussing…

And Ain’t I a Woman? By Sojourner Truth

The intention of this piece was to bring to light the hardships African American women faced and still had to deal with. She compares the “hardships” that other groups have felt and to show how different the life of an African American woman is. Throughout the piece Truth repeats the phrase, “Aren’t I a woman?”…

The Trouble with Wilderness by William Cronon

Intention:  Cronon discusses various types of wilderness and people’s interactions and level of appreciation for it. Ethos: Cronon includes excerpts from Wordsworth, Thoreau, Muir, and Stegner, and discusses God and creation to add credibility to his piece.  He mentions Jesus and His struggle with Satan in the wilderness to show the sacred side of wilderness. …