About Men By Gretel Ehrlich

The intention of this essay is to uncover how the basic stereotypes about cowboys are not entirely true. She goes on to talk about how real cowboys are very nurturing and are not the rough and tough men we see in the movies. Ehrlich uses the appeal to pathos a lot in this piece to…

Living Like Weasels by Annie Dillard

The intention of this piece is to convince readers to live “as [they’re] meant to,” focus on their individual purposes (or goals), and never give up on whatever they feel they are meant to do. The sentence, “He had two black eyes I didn’t see, any more than you see a window,” was very effective…

The Courage of Turtles by Edward Hoagland

The intention of this piece is to demonstrate Hoagland’s fascination with the unique interactions that occur in nature. He uses his love of turtles to emphasize the interesting relationship between animals and humans, for example the reason people keep animals as pets. Hoagland’s care for creation and the world around him is demonstrated through several short narratives…

Reading the River by Mark Twain

In Reading the River by Mark Twain, he uses his own experience as an apprentice steamboat pilot to suggest a pilot’s the loss of beauty in the river and the gain in awareness of its dangers. The analytical study of the river by the pilot shows it’s hidden dangers underneath the illusion of its beauty. It can…

The Spider and the Wasp By Alexander Petrunkevitch

The intention of this piece was the describe the interesting relationship between a tarantula and a wasp. Petrunkevitch goes into great detail about the appearance and behavior of the tarantula to try and allow the audience to better understand this fascinating relationship. The tone of this piece remains academic throughout the entire essay. The main…

Jest and Ernest by Annie Dillard

The purpose of this piece is to explore why the maker of our universe created cruelty and beauty. I love the point about God setting “bars and doors” on humanity’s knowledge of the universe. On one hand, we may not be meant to discover the meaning of cruelty and beauty until the after life. On…

The Trouble with Wilderness by William Cronon

Intention:  Cronon discusses various types of wilderness and people’s interactions and level of appreciation for it. Ethos: Cronon includes excerpts from Wordsworth, Thoreau, Muir, and Stegner, and discusses God and creation to add credibility to his piece.  He mentions Jesus and His struggle with Satan in the wilderness to show the sacred side of wilderness. …

Nature by Ralph Waldo Emerson

Emerson’s intention with this piece is to persuade his audience to respect nature, and take the time to appreciate and experience it as often as possible. One quote that stood out to me in this piece reads, “The greatest delight which the fields and woods minister, is the suggestion of an occult relation between man…

Speech on the Signing of the Treaty of Port Elliott by Chief Seattle

There are two separate intentions in Chief Seattle’s speech, one for each of the audiences he is addressing. His intention for the white settlers is to make them rethink their actions and morals, and to leave them with a haunted feeling. The intention for his tribe is to instill a sense of hope in them, to…