Between the Sexes, A Great Divide by Anna Quindlen

Intention: Quindlen writes of the huge separation between men and women in her piece, humorously ruminating on how the two genders can even get along. She then shifts to explain that although the two groups are very different, it is how they use their differences together that is really important. She opens her essay by…

The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels

The intention is to spark a revolution for Communism.  The authors wrote this to inform the Proletarians of the benefits of Communism and encourage them to embrace the call to action: “Let the ruling classes tremble at a Communist revolution.  The proletariats have nothing to lose but their chains.” Marx and Engels begin their manifesto…

The Company Man by Ellen Goodman

Intention:  The intention of the piece is to force readers to think about family, loved ones, what they truly value and how they spend their time.  It is supposed to make readers want to expend their energy on things that mean something to them and not waste their time away. >Goodman tells the story of…

The Corner of the Eye by Lewis Thomas

Intention: The purpose of The Corner of the Eye by Lewis Thomas is to help readers understand the value of observation. He uses three main examples of observation, such as noticing minor things like the stars, or major like computers and artificial intelligence taking over human beings to make them better observers. The title suggests the main point…

Mother Tongue by Amy Tan

In the essay Mother Tongue by Amy Tan shows how English does not have only one type, but a variety of ways to be used and understood. It is an invitation to see English as a variety of ideas and expressions of oneself. Amy Tan has ethos on the subject of English and how it…

On Self-Respect by Joan Didion

The essay On Self-Respect by Joan Didion explores the meaning of self-respect and the key qualities behind it of having honesty, integrity, and discipline to achieve it. Joan Didion explains why self-respect is so important and how it should be viewed in a positive light and not considered being full of oneself in achieving it….

The Tipping Point by Malcolm Gladwell

Gladwell’s intention is to offer information on how and why epidemics of any kind occur. Arrangement: “The Tipping Point” is the opening essay in Gladwell’s book of the same title. This piece is meant to introduce readers to Gladwell’s ideas and set the context for the remainder of the book.  It immediately begins with an…

The Allegory of the Cave by Plato

The intention of The Allegory of the Cave is to address the knowledge of reality versus the appearances of everyday illusions. Plato uses his allegory and conversation with Socrates to further prove his point of human ignorance. The intention is also to urge the educated to help free their fellow citizens who dwell in ignorance. The…

Aria: A Memoir of a Bilingual Childhood by Richard Rodriguez

The intention of Aria: A Memoir of a Bilingual Childhood is to make known and reflect on the struggles of bilingual children in an environment where English had become the primary language for communication. Rodriguez uses first person accounts of his life and family culture to describe what he lost and gained while transitioning from…

Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions by Elizabeth Cady Stanton

The intention of Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions by Elizabeth Cady Stanton asserts the rights of women and demands equal respect as full United States citizens. She uses the “Declaration of Independence” to assist in her endeavor of women’s rights and how the declaration states indirectly of the equality of women and men. The invention…

Under The Influence by Scott Russell Sanders

The intention of “Under the Influence” by Scott Sanders is to talk about the life he had with an alcoholic father and how this influenced his life. He writes about the “corrosive mixture of helplessness, responsibility, and shame”, which Scott had to carry around with him as a son of an alcoholic. The pathos of…

Attending a World by Mary Catherine Bateson

Intention: Mary Catherine Bateson brings in the idea of women and their multifunctional role as having awareness for their husband, children, and the everyday interruptions and responsibilities of everyday life. She writes about awareness, why it matters, how to focus and concentrate it, and how to extent and preserve it. The invention of this piece…